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Team member Thomas Montgomerie designated the mountain "K2" for being the second peak of the Karakoram range. [14] In 1892, Martin Conway led a British expedition that made it to the Baltoro Glacier. They concluded that the Abruzzi Spur was the most practical route and reached a height of around 8,000 metres (26,000 ft) before turning back due to diminishing supplies and the threat of bad weather. Many others nearly died in a mass fall but were saved by Pete Schoening. [74] K2 is part of the Karakoram range.It is located partly in China and partly in Pakistan. K2 Dispatch 50 - 8/27/07 In part one of video from summit day, the Team pushes through the "bottleneck" in the pre-dawn gloom and moves up onto the "traverse" in the early morning sunlight. The top of the route traversed left across the East Face to avoid a vertical headwall and joined the uppermost part of the Abruzzi route. It is, however, the most prominent peak within the Karakoram range. [86] It was lead by geologist Ardito Desio. The third is the steep, exposed, and committing nature of all routes on … One invited team, Evil Geniuses, winner of the first edition. Der K2 (in China offiziell: Qogir, chinesisch ä¹”戈里峰, Pinyin Qiáogēlǐ Fēng) ist mit 8611 m der höchste Berg im Karakorum und nach dem Mount Everest der zweithöchste Berg der Erde. Rakoncaj was a member of the 1983 Italian expedition led by Francesco Santon, which made the second successful ascent of the North Ridge (31 July 1983). [28] This is in part due to its worse weather. This is the southeast ridge of the peak, rising above the Godwin-Austen Glacier. It stands over 3,000 metres (9,840 ft) above much of the glacial valley bottoms at its base. The summit was reached for the first time by the Italian climbers Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni, on the 1954 Italian Karakoram expedition led by Ardito Desio. Lino Lacedelli, the first man on the summit of K2, in 1954. There are a number of routes on K2, of somewhat different character, but they all share some key difficulties, the first being the extremely high altitude and resulting lack of oxygen: there is only one-third as much oxygen available to a climber on the summit of K2 as there is at sea level. Himalaya-Info.org page on K2 (German) How high is K2 really?—Measurements in 1996 gave 8614.27±0.6 m a.m.s.l; Aleister Crowley's account of the 1902 K2 expedition; The climbing history of K2 from the first attempt in 1902 until the Italian success in 1954. Another three-member team arrived in Pakistan from Nepal on Sunday to attempt scaling K2, the world’s second highest mountain at 8,611 meters height, in winter. After looking for and not finding other routes, the Duke said that K2 would never be climbed. Also on the expedition were Walter Bonatti and Pakistani Hunza porter Amir Mehdi, who both proved vital to the expedition's success in that they carried oxygen tanks to 8,100 metres (26,600 ft) for Lacedelli and Compagnoni. After five serious and costly attempts, the team reached 6,525 metres (21,407 ft)[32]—although considering the difficulty of the challenge, and the lack of modern climbing equipment or weatherproof fabrics, Crowley's statement that "neither man nor beast was injured" highlights the pioneering spirit and bravery of the attempt. It makes no attempt to sound human. The 2008 K2 disaster occurred on 1 August 2008, when 11 mountaineers from international expeditions died on K2, the second-highest mountain on Earth. The standard route of ascent, used far more than any other route (75% of all climbers use this route) is the Abruzzi Spur,[75][76] located on the Pakistani side, first attempted by Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi in 1909. The summit was first reached in 1954, by Italian climbers Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni. [5] There have been 86 deaths during attempted climbs, according to the list maintained on the list of deaths on eight-thousanders. The name K2 is derived from the notation used by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of British India. Understanding how these elements interact with each other is crucial to obtain a dry, safe and durable building environment. Detail K2 stands behind providing quality to their customers and providing innovative features that make our customer’s recreational and outdoor working lifestyles easier. During the initial collision of the Asia and Indian plates, this granitic batholith was buried to depths of about 20 kilometres (12 mi) or more, highly metamorphosed, highly deformed, and partially remelted during the Eocene Period to form gneiss. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia K2 is the second highest mountain in the world, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft). Joska was a member of the 1983 Italian expedition led by Francesco Santon, which made the second successful ascent of the North Ridge (7/31/83). K2 is a mountaineer's mountain—not for dilettantes, nor for affluent "tourist" climbers. It is atoms and stars. They managed to reach 7,200 metres above sea level (Vitaly Gorelik, Valery Shamalo and Nicholas Totmyanin), but had to retreat due to hurricane-force winds as well as, 2017/2018 — Polish National Winter Expedition led by, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 07:06. Four other members of the team achieved the summit the next day. [75][76] However, the 2004 season saw a great increase in the use of oxygen: 28 of 47 summitteers used oxygen in that year.[77]. The Italian climber Fosco Maraini stated that while the name K2 came by chance, is was good for the mountain. One climber died in the expedition. Amazing views reveal the challenges of these two most difficult and technical sections of K2, The Savage Mountain. About K2 Summit. The K2 Gneiss is separated from the surrounding sedimentary and metasedimentary rocks of the surrounding Karakoram Metamorphic Complex by normal faults. K2 has had a very great number of attempts, the vast majority of which have ended unsuccessfully below the summit and the vast majority of which have not ended in a fatality. [12], The policy of the Great Trigonometrical Survey was to use local names for mountains wherever possible[a] and K1 was found to be known locally as Masherbrum. Acclimatisation is essential when climbing without oxygen to avoid some degree of altitude sickness. [87] In mountaineering, when ascending above an altitude of 8,000 metres (26,000 ft), the climber enters what is known as the death zone. On 1 August 2008, 11 climbers from several expeditions died during a series of accidents,[50][78] including several ice falls in the Bottleneck. The route follows an alternating series of rock ribs, snow/ice fields, and some technical rock climbing on two famous features, "House's Chimney" and the "Black Pyramid." This page was last changed on 17 October 2020, at 18:39. The policy of the Great Trigonometrical Survey was to use local names for mountains when possible. 2. The Summit is a 2012 documentary film about the 2008 K2 disaster, directed by Nick Ryan. Thomas Montgomerie made the first survey of the Karakoram from Mount Haramukh, some 210 km (130 mi) to the south, and sketched the two most prominent peaks, labeling them K1 and K2, where the K stands for Karakoram. An in-depth video account of my 2014 summit of K2 to raise awareness and research funds for Alzheimer's Disease. As of June 2018[update], only 367 people have completed the ascent. [29] Only about 300 people have made it to the top. [46], The first woman to summit K2 was Polish climber Wanda Rutkiewicz on 23 June 1986. Best of 1 round robin group. The attempt ended in failure after a storm pinned down the team for 10 days at 7,800 metres (25,590 ft), during which time climber Art Gilkey became critically ill. A desperate retreat followed, during which Pete Schoening saved almost the entire team during a mass fall (known simply as The Belay), and Gilkey was killed, either in an avalanche or in a deliberate attempt to avoid burdening his companions. This latter route has never been repeated. Three members of the team made it to the summit on 14 August. K2, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft) above sea level, is the second highest mountain in the world, after Mount Everest at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft). It was partly due to the collapse of one of these seracs around 2001 that no climbers summitted the peak in 2002 and 2003.[77]. ", "K2: details on the fight for Vitaly Gorelik", "K2 summit pics and video: Polish climbers on a roll", "New Zealand mountaineer and son feared dead on K2", "First Pakistan team of climbers scale K2 summit", "First All-Female Nepalese Team Summits K2", "Everest Isn't the Only Mountain that Matters", "Vanessa thanks Pakistan govt for help in scaling K-2", "Vanessa O'Brien, John Snorri set record as 12 scale Mt K2", "K2 2018 Summer Coverage: Record Weekend on K2 and a Death", "K2 summiteer Anja Blacha: "More flexible on the mountain without breathing mask, "Vitaly Gorelik Dies On K2 - Alpinist.com", "Climbers Set Off to Be First to Summit World's Most Notorious Mountain in Winter", "Polish Heading to K2 for First Winter Ascent Attempt", "Poland's 'ice warriors' risk life and limb to be first to summit K2 in winter", "K2 remains notoriously savage during winter", "Asia, Pakistan, Karakoram, Baltoro Muztagh, K2, Various Ascents and Records in the Anniversary Year", "Medical Problems in High Mountain Environments. It has the nakedness of the world before the first man â€“ or of the cindered planet after the last. "Chogori" redirects here. The expedition was led by Ardito Desio, and the two climbers who reached the summit were Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni. The first climber to summit K2 twice was a Czech climber Josef Rakoncaj. It may have been invented by Western explorers. [10] Ascents have almost always been made in July and August, the warmest times of the year; K2's more northern location makes it more susceptible to inclement and colder weather.[11]. The first film on K2 was K2 in 1991 then Vertical Limit in 2000, K2: Siren of the Himalayas in 2012 and The Summit in 2012. source: wikipedia, image: 2rprod.com. Other local names have been suggested including Lamba Pahar ("Tall Mountain" in Urdu) and Dapsang, but are not widely used. It is atoms and stars. Besides the original Japanese ascent, a notable ascent of the North Ridge was the one in 1990 by Greg Child, Greg Mortimer, and Steve Swenson, which was done alpine style above Camp 2, though using some fixed ropes already put in place by a Japanese team.[79]. [13], With the mountain lacking a local name, the name Mount Godwin-Austen was suggested, in honor of Henry Godwin-Austen, an early explorer of the area. K2 (baltsky Čhogori, česky Čchokori, urdsky کے ٹو, transliterováno Ke tÅ«, nebo Lambá Pahár, čínsky 乔戈里峰, oficiální přepis Qogir, pinyin Qiáogēlǐ Fēng, český přepis Čchiao-ke-li feng), známá též pod anglickým názvem Mount Godwin-Austen, je hora v pohoří Karákóram v Asii, nejvyÅ¡Å¡í hora Pákistánu a druhá nejvyÅ¡Å¡í hora světa. It is not visible from Askole, the last village to the south, or from the nearest village to the north. On the south and southeast face of K2, the orthogneiss consists of a mixture of a strongly foliated plagioclase-hornblende gneiss and a biotite-hornblende-K-feldspar orthogneiss, which has been intruded by garnet-mica leucogranitic dikes. "[13] It does, however, form the basis for the name Qogir (simplified Chinese: 乔戈里峰; traditional Chinese: 喬戈里峰; pinyin: Qiáogēlǐ Fēng) by which Chinese authorities officially refer to the peak. Almost opposite from the Abruzzi Spur is the North Ridge,[75][76] which ascends the Chinese side of the peak. [37][38], Charles Houston returned to K2 to lead the 1953 American expedition. K2 is ranked 22nd by topographic prominence, a measure of a mountain's independent stature, because it is part of the same extended area of uplift (including the Karakoram, the Tibetan Plateau, and the Himalaya) as Mount Everest, in that it is possible to follow a path from K2 to Everest that goes no lower than 4,594 metres (15,072 ft), at the Kora La on the Nepal/China border in the Mustang Lo. I klättervärlden kallas berget även för klättrarnas berg eftersom det är ett mycket krävande och riskabelt berg att bestiga. He did so from Mount Haramukh which is 210 km (130 miles) to the south. K2 (također Mount Godwin-Austen, Lambha Pahar, Chogori, Kechu, Dapsang) je planina na granici Pakistana i Kine, u lancu Karakorum, dijelu lanca Himalaje.S nadmorskom visinom od 8611 metara, poslije Mount Everesta druga najviÅ¡a planina na svijetu. This would eventually become part of the standard route, but was abandoned at the time due to its steepness and difficulty. In the early 1900s, modern transportation did not exist in the region: it took "fourteen days just to reach the foot of the mountain". [27], In addition to these notable successes, about 300 people have climbed to the top of the mountain.[4]. ", "Why K2 Brings Out the Best and Worst in Those Who Climb It", "The World's Most Dangerous Peak Beckons", "Climber Lists: Everest, K2 and other 8000ers", "Climbers attempt 'impossible' K2 winter ascent", "K2 remains notoriously savage during winter", Story of the 1902 K2 expedition by Aleister Crowley, who was in the group, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=K2&oldid=7150014, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The roofs, the walls, the windows and parking garages protect the building and its occupants from the elements. The other peaks were originally named K1, K3, K4, and K5, but were eventually renamed Masherbrum, Gasherbrum IV, Gasherbrum II, and Gasherbrum I, respectively. He concluded that it was: ... just the bare bones of a name, all rock and ice and storm and abyss. K2, however, appeared not to have a local name. The name K2 is was first used by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of British India. [7], The next attempt was not made until 1938. This route, more technically difficult than the Abruzzi,[citation needed] ascends a long, steep, primarily rock ridge to high on the mountain—Camp IV, the "Eagle's Nest" at 7,900 metres (25,900 ft)—and then crosses a dangerously slide-prone hanging glacier by a leftward climbing traverse, to reach a snow couloir which accesses the summit. [31] [24], The first woman to reach the summit was Polish climber Wanda Rutkiewicz in 1986. [44], Another notable Japanese ascent was that of the difficult North Ridge on the Chinese side of the peak in 1982. They decided that the Abruzzi Spur was the best route and made it to a height of around 8,000 metres (26,000 ft). 2002 [24], The mountains of K2 and Broad Peak, and the area westward to the lower reaches of Sarpo Laggo glacier, consist of metamorphic rocks, known as the K2 Gneiss, and part of the Karakoram Metamorphic Complex. It is located in the Baltistan region of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan, and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. The 1986 K2 disaster refers to a period from 6 August to 10 August 1986, when five mountaineers died on K2 in the Karakoram during a severe storm. For example, a fault separates the K2 gneiss of the east face of K2 from limestones and slates comprising nearby Skyang Kangri. K2 has always inspired the film-makers, which resulted in a few magnificent films that can be more than a prize for the mountaineers around the world. [20], André Weil named K3 surfaces in mathematics partly after the beauty of the mountain K2.[21]. Four other members made it to the summit the next day, on 15 August. "[5] Of the five highest mountains in the world, K2 is the deadliest; approximately one person dies on the mountain for every four who reach the summit. El K2 (tamién conocíu como Chogori/Qogir, Ketu/Kechu, y Monte Godwin-Austen) ye un monte perteneciente al cordal del Karakórum, nel Sistema de los Himalayas que, con 8611 metros, ye'l segundu monte más alta de la Tierra tres el monte Everest (8848 msnm.)

Condizionatore Non Esce Aria, Milano - Roma Italo, San Dario Protettore Di, Passione Secondo Giovanni, Rain Man Trailer Ita, Video Estate Infanzia, Laser Potente Amazon, Scarpa D'oro Totti Classifica, Nato Il 4 Luglio Trailer, Uniba Test Di Ammissione 2020/21, Lettera Al Vescovo Di Padova, Settimana Prevenzione Cancro Al Seno 2020,

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